Baseball ist ein höchst komplexes Spiel mit vielen Regeln und sehr speziellen Begriffen. SPORT1 lüftet ein paar Geheimnisse der Sportart und. Erfahren Sie hier mehr über die komplizierten Regeln und verschiedenen Spielpositionen. MLB Teams 3; Baseballstadien 3; MLB Stars 3. chicago white sox. Das Spielprinzip: Zwei Teams bestehend aus neun Spielern, stehen sich im Baseball gegenüber. Die Teams können Punkte erzielen, in dem sie die sogenannten Bases ablaufen. Für jede der einzelnen Bases erhalten die Spieler einen Punkt, wenn diese auch in der richtigen Reihenfolge durchlaufen werden.
BaseballregelnJahrhunderts die heutigen Regeln entwickelt wurden. Die wirtschaftlich stärkste Profi-Liga der Welt ist die nordamerikanische Major League Baseball (MLB) mit. Wenn jede Mannschaft einmal angegriffen hat, ist ein Spielabschnitt (Inning) beendet. Sieger ist das Team, das nach 9 Innings (MLB) die meisten Punkte erzielen. Bei unterbrochenen MLB Playoff-Spielen, die innerhalb von 72 Stunden nach der Siegwette: Siegwetten unterliegen der 4½ Innings-Regel (siehe oben).
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In , the infield fly rule was extended to apply when there were no outs. Because of the frequent and often radical rule changes during this early period, the "modern era" is generally considered to have begun in , when the American League was also formed.
Some significant rule changes continued in the first quarter of the 20th century but were much less frequent. In , the American League adopted the foul strike rule.
In , the sacrifice fly rule was adopted. In , cork centers were added to balls. In , the minimum distance for a home run was made feet. Until AL and NL , a ball that bounced over the outfield fence in fair territory was a home run, not a double.
After that, the rules remained virtually static for decades. In , the pitcher's mound dropped five inches and the strike zone reduced: from the armpits to the top of the knees.
In , the American League adopted the designated hitter rule—rejected to this day by the National League. This was probably the most controversial rule change in baseball's history and is still subject to lively debate.
Also controversial when adopted was the later introduction of interleague play. The most recent significant rule changes, banning the use of steroids and other performance-enhancing substances, have had widespread support as protecting the integrity of the game.
The use of steroids by many players over the last two decades has called into question records for both hitting and pitching.
Baseball is played between two teams with nine players in the field from the team that is not batting at that point the batting team would have one batter in play at "home plate" on the field.
On a baseball field , the game is under the authority of several umpires. There are usually four umpires in major league games; up to six and as few as one may officiate depending on the league and the importance of the game.
There are three bases. The playing field is divided into three main sections:. The pitcher's mound is located in the center of the infield.
The pitcher must have one foot on the rubber at the start of every pitch to a batter, but the pitcher may leave the mound area once the ball is released.
High school baseball plays seven innings and Little League uses six-inning games. An inning is broken up into two halves in which the away team bats in the top first half, and the home team bats in the bottom second half.
In baseball, the defense always has the ball—a fact that differentiates it from most other team sports. The teams switch every time the defending team gets three players of the batting team out.
The winner is the team with the most runs after nine innings. If the home team is ahead after the top of the ninth, play does not continue into the bottom half.
When this happens, an X is put on the scoreboard for the home team's score in the ninth inning. In the case of a tie, additional innings are played until one team comes out ahead at the end of an inning.
If the home team takes the lead anytime during the bottom of the ninth or of any inning after that, play stops and the home team is declared the winner.
This is known as a walk-off. The basic contest is always between the pitcher for the fielding team and a batter.
The pitcher throws— pitches —the ball towards home plate, where the catcher for the fielding team waits in a crouched stance to receive it. Behind the catcher stands the home plate umpire.
The batter stands in one of the batter's boxes and tries to hit the ball with a bat. The catcher's job is to receive any pitches that the batter does not hit and to "call" the game by a series of hand movements that signal to the pitcher what pitch to throw and where.
The catcher also usually signals the desired location of the ball within the strike zone and "sets up" behind the plate or holds his glove up in the desired location as a target.
The catcher's role becomes more crucial depending on how the game is going, and how the pitcher responds to a given situation.
Each pitch begins a new play , which might consist of nothing more than the pitch itself. Each half-inning, the goal of the defending team is to get three members of the other team out.
A player who is out must leave the field and wait for his next turn at bat. There are many ways to get batters and baserunners out; some of the most common are catching a batted ball in the air , tag outs , force outs , and strikeouts.
After the fielding team has put out three players from the opposing team, that half of the inning is over and the team in the field and the team at bat switch places; there is no upper limit to the number that may bat in rotation before three outs are recorded.
Going through the entire order in an inning is referred to as "batting around" and it is indicative of a high-scoring inning. A complete inning consists of each opposing side having a turn three outs on offense.
The goal of the team at bat is to score more runs than the opposition; a player may do so by batting, then becoming a baserunner , touching all the bases in order via one or more plays , and finally touching home plate.
A player may also become a baserunner by being inserted as a pinch-runner. To that end, the goal of each batter is to enable baserunners to score or to become a baserunner himself.
The batter attempts to hit the ball into fair territory —between the baselines—in such a way that the defending players cannot get them or the baserunners out.
In general, the pitcher attempts to prevent this by pitching the ball in such a way that the batter cannot hit it cleanly or, ideally, at all. A baserunner who has successfully touched home plate without being retired called out after touching all previous bases scores a run.
In an enclosed field, a fair ball hit over the fence on the fly is an automatic home run , which entitles the batter and all runners to touch all the bases and score.
On a field with foul poles, a ball that hits a pole is also a home run. A home run hit with all bases occupied ' bases loaded ' is called a grand slam.
The squad in the field is the defensive team; they attempt to prevent the baserunners from scoring. There are nine defensive positions, but only two have a mandatory location pitcher and catcher.
The locations of the other seven fielders are not specified by the rules, except that at the moment the pitch is delivered, they must be positioned in fair territory and not in the space between the pitcher and the catcher.
These fielders often shift their positioning in response to specific batters or game situations, and they may exchange positions with one another at any time.
The nine positions most commonly used with the number scorekeepers use are: pitcher 1 , catcher 2 , first baseman 3 , second baseman 4 , third baseman 5 , shortstop 6 , left fielder 7 , center fielder 8 , and right fielder 9.
Note that, in rare cases, teams may use dramatically differing schemes, such as switching an outfielder for an infielder.
The numbering convention was established by Henry Chadwick. The reason the shortstop seems out of order has to do with the way fielders positioned themselves in the early years of the game; the shortstop was positioned in the shallow outfield.
Each position is weighted on the defensive spectrum in terms of difficulty. The most difficult position is the catcher, while the least difficult is first base.
Designated hitter, while on the scale, is not part of the defense at all. Pitchers, while part of the active defense, are so specialized in their role that they usually make only routine plays.
The battery is composed of the pitcher , who stands on the rubber of the mound, which is also known as the pitching plate, and the catcher , who squats behind home plate.
These are the two fielders who always deal directly with the batter on every pitch, hence the term "battery", coined by Henry Chadwick and later reinforced by the implied comparison to artillery fire.
The pitcher's main role is to pitch the ball toward home plate with the goal of getting the batter out. Pitchers also play defense by fielding batted balls, covering bases for a potential tag out or force out on an approaching runner , or backing up throws.
The catcher's main role is to receive the pitch if the batter does not hit it. Together with the pitcher and coaches, the catcher plots game strategy by suggesting different pitches and by shifting the starting positions of the other fielders.
Catchers are also responsible for defense in the area near home plate such as dropped third strikes and wild pitches or baserunning plays, most commonly when an opposing player attempts to steal a base.
Due to the exceptional difficulty of the position, catchers are universally valued for their defensive prowess as opposed to their ability to hit.
Hat bis dahin die Defense den Ball immer noch nicht unter Kontrolle und zum Catcher geworfen, kann er auch zur nächsten Base weiterlaufen.
Steht er sicher auf einer Base, bevor der gegnerische Catcher den Ball hat, darf er dort bleiben und einer seiner Mitspieler wird zum Batter. Ziel ist es, das ein Spieler das Spielfeld von Base zu Base zu umrunden.
Hat er dies geschafft, bekommt seine Mannschaft einen Punkt. This is because many times the batter will hit a ball toward third base.
The third baseman must throw the ball very quickly to the first baseman, to get the runner out. Because the balls that go to third base are usually hit very hard, the third baseman must also be very quick.
The three outfielders are called the left fielder , the center fielder , and the right fielder , because they stand in left field, center field and right field.
Left field and right field are on the left and right sides, if you look out from home plate. Center field is straight ahead from home plate. Center field is very big, so the center fielder is usually the fastest.
The team can decide where to put the infielders and outfielders. Players often stand at slightly different places on the field between some plays.
These changes are called "shifts". The fielders may shift at any time. Players can shift for many reasons. One of the more popular ones is the defensive shift , where players move in the infield.
They do this because they know that some batters can only hit a ball a certain direction. It can also be easier to make a double play when fielders are moved a certain way.
Teams can change pitchers during a game. Teams change their pitchers often because it is hard for a pitcher to throw a full game of nine innings.
A pitcher can sometimes throw a no-hitter where no one on the opposite team gets an earned hit. A team can use as many pitchers as it wants to, but it is rare to use more than eight in a game.
The ways that a pitcher throws the ball are called pitches. Many professional pitchers use two or more different pitches. Pitchers change which pitch they throw so that the batter will be tricked and not know what pitch to expect.
This makes it more difficult for the batter to hit the ball. Pitchers can make the ball move differently: faster or slower, closer or farther from the batter, higher or lower.
There are also many types of pitches, such as the slurve, curve, slider, splitter, sinker, screw, 2-seam cut, 2-seam screw, knuckle, knuckle curve, change-up, circle change-up, palm ball, and others.
When throwing the ball, the pitcher must touch the pitchers mound with his foot. The pitcher's rubber is on top of the mound.
The pitcher cannot take more than one step forward when he throws the ball. Hot Stove: Latest rumors. Play Overlay icon. Kim Ng on Marlins' priorities.
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Raisel Iglesias traded to Angels. Chris Young on role with Rangers. Bob Costas on Ford C. Einen Dead Ball gibt es z. Der getroffene Runner wird in diesem Fall aus gegeben, der Batter bekommt das Recht auf die erste Base.
Eine typische Gelegenheit ist, wenn der Pitcher seine Pitching-Bewegung begonnen hat, da er diese nicht mehr unterbrechen darf.
Der Runner versucht, eher an der nächsten Base anzukommen, als der Catcher der mittlerweile den Wurf des Pitchers gefangen hat den Ball dorthin werfen kann.
Um Base Stealing zu erleichtern und insgesamt den zu laufenden Weg zu verkürzen, rücken die Runner oft schon vor dem Schlag ein paar Schritte vor Lead.
Wenn der Pitcher denkt, dass ein Runner es hierbei übertrieben hat, kann er den Ball statt zum Batter zum entsprechenden Baseman werfen Pick Off ; berührt dieser mit dem Ball im Handschuh den Runner, bevor der es zur Base zurück schafft, so ist der Runner out.
Ein Spiel wird in der Regel von zwei bis vier Schiedsrichtern geleitet. Sie werden Umpire genannt. Der Plate Umpire steht immer hinter der Home Plate hinter dem Catcher , er trifft vor allem die Entscheidung über Ball oder Strike , sowie darüber, ob ein Runner die Home Plate safe erreicht hat und somit einen Punkt erzielte, oder ob er dort noch rechtzeitig out gemacht wurde.
Der oder die anderen Schiedsrichter stehen im Feld und urteilen vor allem darüber, ob ein Runner an den Bases safe oder out ist.
Ein Scorekeeper am Spielfeldrand protokolliert alle Aktionen und Spielzüge auf einem vorgefertigten Formular, dem Scoresheet.
Das ausgefüllte Scoresheet dient nicht nur als Spielbericht. Auf der Basis der Aufzeichnungen werden umfangreiche Statistiken erstellt, die Auskunft über Spielstärke von Mannschaften und Einzelspielern geben.
Mediendatei abspielen. Kategorie : Baseballregel.Baseball is a bat-and-ball sport played on a field by two teams against each other. In baseball, a player on one team throws a small round ball at a player on the other team, who tries to hit it with a amytee.com the player who hits the ball has to run around the field. Players get points by running around in a full circle around three points on the ground called bases, to back where they. 1/30/ · Baseball - das sind die Regeln. Beim Baseball spielen zwei Teams mit je neun Spielern gegeneinander. Auf dem Spielfeld sind ein Abschlagefeld und . amytee.com is committed to connecting you, our fans, to the source of baseball. We want to bring you the most up-to-date, informative and exciting baseball information.