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Dem Autor folgenErik the Red: A Captivating Guide to the Viking Who Founded the First Norse Settlement in Greenland (Captivating History) (English Edition) eBook: History. Erik Thorvaldsson, the discoverer of Greenland, was born in Norway in The son of Thorvald Asvaldsson, he was exiled with his family to Iceland where they. Erik Thorvaldsson (ca. - ca. ), bekannt als Erik der Rote, war ein nordischer Entdecker, der in mittelalterlichen und isländischen.
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He had heard of a large landmass due west of Iceland, discovered nearly years earlier by Norwegian sailor Gunnbjörn Ulfsson.
Between and , Erik the Red rounded the southernmost tip of the large landmass, finally arriving at a fjord now known as Tunulliarfik.
From this base, Erik spent the next two years exploring west and north, assigning names to places he visited with derivatives of his name.
He believed the land he explored was suitable for raising livestock and named it Greenland, hoping it would sound more enticing to would-be settlers.
By the next year, he had convinced several hundred people that Greenland held great promise. Know about the life, family, exploration, achievements and death of Erik the Red through these 10 interesting facts.
The Sagas of Icelanders are prose narratives that are based on historical events related to Iceland that took place in the 9th, 10th and early 11th centuries.
Though parts of the sagas are fanciful, it is believed that they are mostly based on historical truth. It might also have been earned due to his temper , which was known to be volatile.
Along with his family, he moved to Hornstrandir in north-western Iceland. In retaliation, Erik killed Eyjiolf and another man named Holmgang-Hrafn.
After being banished, Erik moved to another part of Iceland, the island of Oxney. Setstokkr are ornamented beams with Viking symbols which have mystical value for them.
Erik entrusted his setstokkr, which his father had brought from Norway, to a fellow settler named Thorgest. When he had built his new house, Erik went to reclaim his setstokkr but Thorgest refused.
Erik ultimately obtained them and Thorgest gave chase. Britannica Quiz. Exploration and Discovery. Which spacecraft was first to land on the moon?
Can you name the Viking who discovered Greenland? The first winter he spent on the island of Eiriksey, the second winter he passed in Eiriksholmar close to Hvarfsgnipa.
In the final summer he explored as far north as Snaefell and into Hrafnsfjord. When Erik returned to Iceland after his exile had expired, he is said to have brought with him stories of "Greenland".
Erik deliberately gave the land a more appealing name than "Iceland" in order to lure potential settlers.
He explained, "people would be attracted to go there if it had a favorable name". His salesmanship proved successful, as many people—especially "those Vikings living on poor land in Iceland" and those that had suffered a "recent famine"—became convinced that Greenland held great opportunity.
After spending the winter in Iceland, Erik returned to Greenland in with a large number of colonists. Out of 25 ships that left for Greenland eleven were lost at sea; only 14 arrived.
Eventually, a Middle Settlement grew, but many people suggest it formed part of the Western Settlement. The Eastern and Western Settlements, both established on the southwest coast, proved the only two areas suitable for farming.
During the summers, when the weather was more favorable to travel, each settlement would send an army of men to hunt in Disko Bay above the Arctic Circle for food and other valuable commodities such as seals used for rope , ivory from walrus tusks, and beached whales.
He held the title of paramount chieftain of Greenland and became both greatly respected and wealthy.
The settlement flourished, growing to 5, inhabitants spread over a considerable area along Eriksfjord and neighboring fjords. Groups of immigrants escaping overcrowding in Iceland joined the original party.
However, one group of immigrants which arrived in brought with it an epidemic that ravaged the colony, killing many of its leading citizens , including Erik himself.
Pirate raids,  conflict with Inuit moving into the Norse territories, and the colony's abandonment by Norway became other factors in its decline.
The best time is between although they can often be seen early evening or during the night. The more activity the more likely it is that you will see the northern lights but that is not all.
There is never a guarantee of spotting the northern lights, but northern lights forecast by vedur. Clear skies are necessary, when we have clear skies in Iceland It is usually cold.
So be sure to wear the right clothing. Visit the Icelandic Met Office www. Always check the road conditions The weather is not the same in different regions of Iceland.
Here below are good websites to use when traveling in Iceland in winter. If you are unsure then you can call and ask for the conditions open or an automatic telephone service open all day.
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